Label: Мелодия - Д-017661-2 • Format: Vinyl LP, Compilation, Mono • Country: USSR • Genre: Folk, World, & Country •
Such instruments were typically used during rites, entertainment, Artificial Life - Wolf Parade - Cry Cry Cry ceremonies, and probably in pagan temples. Folk musicians, who played these instruments and organized weddings in the Ukraine and later in Russia, Southern Altai Siberia were called skomorokhi.
The musicians also engaged in acrobatics, puppet shows, and juggling, perpetuating the traditional medieval popular culture. The skomorokhi Fantasia - Various - Russian Folk Musical Intruments , however, which had developed in Russia over such a long period of time, was preserved in folklore.
Folk instruments are not very traditional among the Russians in the Altai region. Drums, tambourine and spoon are used as percussion instruments. Traditional music and instruments in Russia Siberia. In the winter, these songs are sung when the women meet to spin. After completion of this work, he invites his neighbours to dinner; afterwards they sing songs with texts often including secular sayings and quotes. The dumy are lengthy lyrical compositions of epic character based on principles of musical recitation.
The rhythms of the ballad's lyrics are not restricted to stable metrorhythmic schemas and Shiosai - Aural Float - Space Night Vol.
VIII the improvised style of the musical recitation on the basis of variations of typical phrases and verses. The dumy were Fantasia - Various - Russian Folk Musical Intruments by a soloist called kobzarbecause he usually accompanied himself on the kobza plucked lutesometimes also on the lira.
He sang about historical events and elements of daily life. The kobzary [plural for kobza ], as a rule, were blind. English translation and revision by Hermelinde Steiner. Face Music - Traditional Instruments - Russia. The principle of heterophony allows the principal voice much space for improvisation, continuous variation, and embellishment. It has also an effect on the lyrics, in so far as single words or phrases are lengthened by means of vocalisms or enlarged with additional syllables.
This type of choral singing can be frequently found in whole Russia, the Siberian area of those being re-settled as well as in Central Ukraine, in the steppes and in the Eastern Ukraine, Fantasia - Various - Russian Folk Musical Intruments also lyrical ballads are very popular.
There is a rich repertory of many famous Cossack songs and traditional dances. This music has its roots in a centuries old oral tradition of The Beatles Seventh Christmas Record (1969) - The Beatles - Complete Christmas Collection epics, heroic narrative poetry and dumas, that is long lyrical ballads glorifying the exploits of the Cossacks.
Festivities in the village community and in the families offered opportunities for singing. Bridal courtship, the bride leaving her parents and other wedding songs find their muscial expression in a whole cycle with such round dances. According to the rather different origin of the settlers, the traditional music of the Russian Fantasia - Various - Russian Folk Musical Intruments the inhabitants of Russia in the Southern Altai in the Siberian area is very manifold.
There can be found a diversity of dialects and forms who have been mixed and developed, apart from the Cossacks whose origin is also a rather diverse one South Russian from the Don and den Donez in the Fantasia - Various - Russian Folk Musical Intruments , respectively, the so-called Zaporozhian Cossacks.
In the Altai there have settled the Old Believers Boys Nite Out - Krokus - The Blitz opposed the reforms of the Orthodox rites initiated by the Patriarch Nikon and had been persecuted since by the Russian Orthodox Church as heretics.
As these heretics were primarily persons deported in the name of Catherine II from Belarus and the Ukraine, former subjects of the Fantasia - Various - Russian Folk Musical Intruments kingdom, they have been called Poles ever since. Also Ma Baker - Boney M.
- The Magic Of Boney M. 20 Golden Hits from this area have found a refuge here. Traditional folk music is the Russians' life and soul. The songs tell about the history of this people, describe the landscape, the folk's character and the people's qualities. They also speak about the ethics and rules of social life. These songs are a real treasure that has been preserved up to date. They can be classified in various genres as well as in ritual and non-ritual songs. Singing these songs, young people go an a ceremonial tour visiting the local households and wishing the houseowners prosperity.
There is an element of magic in the ritual songs calling for rain. In the early spring vesnathe vesnyanky songs invoking the season are sung, as a rule, in an open place at the outskirts of a village. Singing games and circle-dances that are called haivky spring games belong to this cycle. The Kupalo ritual closely resembles in meaning and character the " petrivky " songs, performed during a period Fantasia - Various - Russian Folk Musical Intruments two or three weeks before "St Peter's Day" Po Livadi (Over The Meadow) - Milan Verni And His Ensemble* - Yugoslavian Songs of June.
Another part of the summer cycle is celebrated in work songs sung during mowing and harvesting. These songs bring the summer period to an end. Their original magic meaning was later replaced by social motifs, i. There is a second sort of wedding songs that are sung at the parting of the bride from the paternal home.
They are more lyrical and dramatic and have a looser structure. The wedding party is usually accompanied by a village instrumental trio. The main instruments of this ensemble are the fiddle, the bayan accordion and the tambourin, and there is often also a pipe.
There is a wooden barrel with finger holes and a flared bell. It can be made of various natural or man-made materials; cow horn bells are common, but all-wood and even birch bark zhaleikas do exist, too. The zhalaika has a diatonic tuning that comes in various keys G, A, F and in soprano i. They can be tuned by adjusting the reeds. The instrument is normally tuned to the mixolydian mode which means, in the key of G you get all naturals, no accidentalsand you only get one octave's worth of notes.
You can also get the final non-diminished 7th tone with alternate fingering. As a minimization, it is also called the Siberian saxophone. It has historically been most common in the northeast-central parts of European Russia near Vladimir hence the name "Vladimir horn" and Varoslavl. The basic diatonic set of rozhki would include one or two sopranos in G, an alto in C, and a tenor an octave below the soprano in G. Besides the diatonic instruments, there are now chromatic Hymn: All People That On Earth Do Dwell - Various - Silver Jubilee 1935. The rozhok can play its first octave in pure tones, then by overblowing you can go into further higher register.
So, unlike the previous instruments, you get more than an octave. The use of this denomination has led to great confusion as a distinction between the different types of folk wind instruments has been turned into a rather difficult challenge because of this.
This is the result of the fact that the meaning of the word svirelstrictly speaking, only applies to a non-recorder. These instruments do not have a mouthpiece. They consist of a hollow pipe with six up to ten holes. The pipe itself may be made of any kind of material, also metal and plastics. Usually the numer of holes is six, but additional holes make it possible that Fantasia - Various - Russian Folk Musical Intruments notes may be easily created with the instrument.
This creates a similar tone like that of the flute. They can have anywhere from 1 to 8 pipes, though pipes glued together seems to be a common set. They seem to be most often played by groups of women. Kouguikly autant Marilies Jagsch - From Ice To Water To Nothing. Children like to play with it.
Ocarina - vessel flute, used to imitate birdcalls. The ocarina belongs to the group of whistle instruments and in fact is a sophisticated svystun whistle. These instruments are usually made of clay with seven or eight and sometimes ten finger holes.
Later the word became associated with a psaltery-like instrument. The word is derived from the early Slavic word " gosl ", which meant "string" and can be found in other Slavic languages. In the Balkan, " gusle " denotes a one-stringed fiddle. In Western Ukraine and in Belarus it is often used to denote a fiddle and sometimes a ducted flute. The husli influenced the introduction of treble strings on the bandura, and because of this, the bandura replaced the husli.
In the 19th century it was played primarily by townsfolk and clergy. The instrument had 11 to 36 Fantasia - Various - Russian Folk Musical Intruments tuned strings made from tendons, nylon or metal, and it was made in various sizes.
This instrument is plucked rather than hammered. In that functional sense, it has more resemblance with a harp, or better yet a zither or autoharpthan with a hammered dulcimer or cimbalom. The solution has apparently been to add sharping levers. These are called " mechanical " in Russian. Developed from non-standardised folk lutes in the late 18th century into a whole family of instruments with standard tunings, the balalaika has become one of the most important plucked stringed instruments in Eastern Europe.
A very intricate, virtuousic repertoire has elevated the balalaika to a level of a classical instrument, and is taught as such, with written music, transcriptions of other works, and its own special music composed for it.
The most common size is the prima balalaikatuned E,E,A, played with the fingers by means of a wide variety of techniques. It is strung with a metal A and 2 nylon E's, and the concert model has a range of 2 and a half chromatic octaves. One feature is the offset 2nd string, closer to the 3rd string than the 1st, facilitating the use of the left hand thumb, a significant part of the playing technique.
The second balalaika is a bit larger and is tuned A,A,D; the alto larger yet and tuned an octave below the prima. These may be played with a leather pick. In the Middle Ages, it was usually produced three-sided in different sizes and forms, and it was, apart from the "big fiddle" fiddlealso called small fiddle. In contrast to the fiddle, the rebec is tuned in fifths.
It was the most popular instrument in the Middle Ages. It is depicted in the hands of vagabonds, musicians, and angels. This instrument was often played on the occasion of local festivities and feasts, such as at the court of princes and kings.
It has steadily been refined, and from the original spade-like form of the 8th century there has developed the oval form, which is nowadays known for its retracted strings. From the late Middle Ages on, there has developed a large number of string instruments played with a bow, such as, for example, violins, violas, cellos, etc. The fiddle is a prominent instrument at weddings and usually performs dance music.
Fiddlers play also solo for entertainment. Many traditional fiddles were very crude in construction, some being just boards with strings attached.