Label: London Records - SPC.21008 DJ • Series: Phase 4 Stereo Concert Series • Format: Vinyl LP, Compilation, Promo • Country: US • Genre: Classical • Style: Romantic
One of the leading conductors of the early and midth century, he is best known for his long Leopold Stokowski with the Philadelphia Orchestra and his appearance in the Disney film Fantasia.
He was especially noted for his free-hand conducting style that spurned the traditional baton and for obtaining a characteristically sumptuous sound from the orchestras he directed. Stokowski conducted the music for and appeared in several Hollywood films, most notably Disney 's Fantasiaand was a lifelong champion of contemporary composers, giving many premieres of new music during his year conducting career. Stokowski, who made his official conducting debut inappeared in public for the last time in but continued making recordings until Junea few months before his death at the age of There is some mystery surrounding his early life.
For example, he spoke with an unusual, non-British accentthough he was born and raised in London. Nicolas Slonimskyeditor of Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musiciansreceived a letter from a Finnish encyclopaedia editor that said, "The Maestro himself told me that he was born in Pomerania New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping , Germany, in However, Stokowski's birth certificate signed by J.
Stokowski was named after his Polish-born grandfather Leopold, who died in the English county of Surrey on 13 Januaryat the age of The "mystery" surrounding his New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping and accent is clarified in Oliver Daniel's page biography Stokowski — A Counterpoint of Viewin which in Chapter 12 Daniel reveals Stokowski came under the influence of his first wife, pianist Olga Samaroff.
Samaroff, born Lucy Mary Agnes Hickenlooper, was from Galveston, Texasand adopted a more exotic-sounding name to further her career. For professional and career reasons, she "urged him to emphasize only the Polish part of his background" once he became a resident of the United States. He studied at the Royal College of Musicwhere he first enrolled in at the age of thirteen, making him one Introduction - Tchaikovsky* the youngest students to do so.
In his later life in the United States, Stokowski would perform six of the nine symphonies composed by his fellow organ student Ralph Vaughan Williams.
By age 16, Stokowski was elected to a membership in the Royal College of Organists. Inhe formed the choir of St. Mary's Leopold Stokowski, Charing Cross Roadwhere he trained the choirboys and played the organ. Inhe was appointed the organist and choir director of St. James's ChurchPiccadilly. Bartholomew's Church. He was very popular among the parishioners, who included members of the Vanderbilt familybut in the course of time, he resigned this position in order to pursue a career as an orchestra conductor.
Stokowski moved to Paris for additional study in conducting. There he heard that the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra would be needing a new conductor when it returned from a long sabbatical. InStokowski began a campaign to win this position, writing letters to Mrs.
Christian R. Holmes, the orchestra's president, and Introduction - Tchaikovsky* all New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping way to Cincinnati, Ohiofor a personal interview.
Stokowski was selected over the other applicants, and took up his conducting duties in late That was also the year of his official conducting debut in Paris with the Colonne Orchestra on 12 Maywhen Stokowski accompanied his bride to be, the pianist Olga Introduction - Tchaikovsky*in Tchaikovsky 's Piano Concerto No. His engagement as new permanent conductor in Cincinnati was a great success.
He introduced the concept of "pops concerts" and, starting with his first season, he began championing the work of living composers.
He conducted the American premieres of new works by such composers as Elgarwhose 2nd Symphony was first presented there on 24 November He was to maintain his advocacy of contemporary music to the end of his career. However, in earlyStokowski became frustrated with the politics of the orchestra's Board of Directors, and submitted his resignation. There was some dispute over whether to accept this or not, but, on 12 Aprilthe board decided to do so.
Two months later, Stokowski was appointed the director of Introduction - Tchaikovsky* Philadelphia Orchestraand he made his conducting debut in Philadelphia on 11 October This position would bring him some of his greatest accomplishments and recognition. It has been suggested that Stokowski resigned abruptly at Cincinnati with the hidden knowledge that the conducting position in Philadelphia was his when he wanted it, or as Oscar Levant suggested in his book A Smattering Two The Dark (Original Mix) - A Plain White Wrapper - (the)Runoutgroove Ignorance"he had the contract in his back pocket.
On 22 MayStokowski conducted the London Symphony Orchestra in a concert which he was to repeat in its entirety 60 years later Leopold Stokowski the age of 90, and on 14 June he conducted an all- Wagner concert that featured the noted soprano Lillian Nordica.
He helped with recruiting faculty and hired many of their graduates. Stokowski rapidly gained a reputation as a musical showman. His flair for the theatrical included grand gestures, such as throwing the sheet music on the floor to show he did not need to conduct from a score.
He also experimented with new lighting arrangements in the concert hall,  at one point conducting in a dark hall Introduction - Tchaikovsky* only his head and hands lighted, at other times arranging the lights so they would cast theatrical shadows of his head and hands. Late in the symphony season, Stokowski started conducting without a baton. His free-hand manner of conducting soon became one of his trademarks. On the musical side, Stokowski nurtured the orchestra and shaped the "Stokowski" sound, or what became known as the "Philadelphia Sound".
Stokowski is credited as the first conductor to adopt the seating plan that is used by most orchestras today, with first and second violins together on the conductor's left, and the violas and cellos to the right. Stokowski also became known for modifying the orchestrations of some of the works that he conducted, as was a standard practice for conductors prior to the second half of the 20th Introduction - Tchaikovsky*. For example, Stokowski revised the ending of the Romeo and Juliet Stormy Monday - Chuck Brown & The Soul Searchers - Any Other Way To Go? Overtureby Tchaikovsky, so it would close quietly, taking his Just Like Jesse James - Cher - Heart Of Stone from Modest Tchaikovsky 's Life and Letters of Peter Ilych Tchaikovsky translated by Rosa Newmarch : that New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping composer had provided a quiet ending of his own at Balakirev 's suggestion.
Stokowski made his own orchestration of Mussorgsky 's Night on Bald Mountain by adapting Rimsky-Korsakov 's orchestration and making it sound, in some places, similar to Mussorgsky's original. In the film Fantasiato conform to the Disney artists' story-line, depicting the battle between good and evil, the ending of Night on Bald Mountain segued into the beginning of Schubert Leopold Stokowski Ave Maria.
Many music critics have taken exception to the liberties Stokowski Little Green Man - Sascha Müller - SSREXTRA59-1 Leopold Stokowski were common in the nineteenth century, but had mostly died out in the twentieth, when faithful adherence to the Leopold Stokowski scores became more common.
Stokowski's repertoire was broad and included many contemporary works. He was the only conductor to perform all of Arnold Schoenberg 's orchestral works during the composer's own lifetime, several of which were world premieres.
Stokowski gave the first American performance of Schoenberg's Gurre-Lieder in Stokowski also presented the American premieres of four of Dmitri Shostakovich 's symphonies, Numbers 1, 3, 6, and He added works by Rachmaninoff to his repertoire, giving the world premieres of his Fourth Piano Concertothe Three Russian Songsthe Third Symphonyand the Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini ; Sibeliuswhose last three symphonies were given their American premieres in Philadelphia in the s; and Igor Stravinskymany of whose works were also given their first American performances by Stokowski.
Inhe introduced Stravinsky's score for the ballet The Rite of Spring to America, gave its first staged performance there in with Martha Graham dancing the part of The Chosen One, and at Leopold Stokowski same time made the first American recording of the work. Seldom an opera conductor, Stokowski did give the American premieres in Philadelphia of the original version of Mussorgky's Boris Godunov and Alban Berg 's Wozzeck Inhe started "Youth Concerts" for younger audiences, which are still a tradition in Philadelphia and many other American cities, and fostered youth music programs.
After disputes with the board, Stokowski began to withdraw from involvement in the Philadelphia Orchestra from onwards, allowing his co-conductor Eugene Ormandy to gradually take over. Stokowski shared principal conducting duties with Ormandy from to ; Stokowski did Stand Up And Shout About Love - Larry Graham - One In A Million You appear with the Philadelphia Orchestra III Laideronnette, Impératrice Des Pagodes - Ravel* / Samson François - Le Tombeau De Couperin - Gas the closing concert of the season a semi-disastrous performance of Bach's St.
Matthew Passion until 12 Februarywhen he guest-conducted the Philadelphia in works of Mozart, de Falla, Respighi, and in a legendary performance of the Shostakovich Fifth Symphony, arguably the greatest by Stokowski. The recording of this concert's broadcast had been circulated privately among collectors over the years, though never issued commercially, but with the copyright expiring at the start ofit was released in its entirety on the Pristine Audio label.
Stokowski appeared as himself in the motion picture The Big Broadcast ofconducting two of his Bach transcriptions. InStokowski collaborated with Walt Disney to create the motion picture for which he is New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping known: Fantasia.
Stokowski even got to talk to New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping shake hands with Mickey Mouse on screen, although he would later say with a smile that Mickey Mouse got to shake hands with him. This footage of Stokowski Introduction - Tchaikovsky* incorporated into Fantasia A lifelong and ardent fan of the newest and most experimental techniques in recording, Stokowski saw to it that most of the music for Fantasia was recorded over Class A telephone lines laid down between the Academy of Music in Philadelphia and Bell Laboratories in Camden NJ, using an early, highly complex version of multi-track stereophonic sound, dubbed Fantasoundwhich shared many attributes with the later Perspecta stereophonic sound system.
Recorded on photographic film, the only suitable medium then available, the results were considered astounding for the latter half of the s. Upon New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping return inStokowski appeared with the Philadelphia Orchestra as a guest conductor. He also made two LP recordings with them for Columbia Recordsone including a performance of Manuel de Falla 's El amor brujowhich he had introduced to America in and had previously recorded for RCA Victor with the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra inand a Bach album which featured the 5th Brandenburg Concerto and three of his own Bach transcriptions.
He continued to appear as a guest conductor on several more occasions, his final Philadelphia Orchestra concert taking place in In honour of Stokowski's vast influence on music and the Philadelphia performing arts community, on 24 Februaryhe was awarded the prestigious University of Pennsylvania Glee Club Award of Merit. With his Philadelphia Orchestra contract having expired inStokowski immediately formed the All-American Youth Orchestra, its players' ages ranging from 18 to It toured South America in and North America in and was met with rave reviews.
During this time, Stokowski also became chief conductor of the NBC Symphony Orchestra on a three-year contract — Toscanini returned as co-conductor of the NBC Symphony with Stokowski for the remaining two years of the latter's contract. Inon the recommendation of Mayor Fiorello La GuardiaLeopold Stokowski helped form the New York City Symphony Orchestrawhich they intended would make New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping accessible for middle-class workers.
Ticket prices were set low, and performances took place at convenient, after-work hours. Many early concerts were standing room only; however, a year later inStokowski was at odds with the board who wanted to trim expenses even further and he resigned. Inhe founded the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra. The orchestra lasted for Leopold Stokowski years before it was disbanded for live concerts, but not for recordings, which continued well into the s.
Stokowski's own recordings made in included Brahms 's 1st SymphonyTchaikovsky's Pathetique Yamar / Zally - Famous Amos / Pushy Pushy and a number of short popular pieces. He continued to appear frequently with the Los Angeles Philharmonicboth at the Hollywood Bowl and other venues.
His many "first performances" with them included the New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping Premiere of Prokofiev 's 6th Symphony in It was during this first visit that he made his debut recording with a British orchestra, the Philharmonia, of Rimsky-Korsakov 's Scheherazade. During that same summer he also toured and conducted in Germany, Holland, Switzerland, Austria, and Portugal, establishing a pattern of guest-conducting abroad during the summer months while spending the winter seasons conducting in the United States.
This scheme was to hold good for the next 20 years during which Stokowski conducted many of the world's greatest orchestras, simultaneously making recordings with them for various labels. After the NBC Symphony Orchestra was disbanded as the official ensemble of the NBC radio network, it was re-formed as the Symphony of the Air with Stokowski as notional Music Director, and as such performed many concerts and made recordings from until For his debut appearance with the orchestra he gave the first performance of Mysterious Mountain by Alan Hovhaness — one of many living American composers whose music he championed over the years.
InIntroduction - Tchaikovsky* made one of his infrequent appearances in the opera house, when he conducted Giacomo Puccini 's Turandot at the New York Metropolitan, in memorable performances with a cast that included Birgit NilssonFranco Corelli and Anna Moffo.
Inat the age of 80, Stokowski founded the American Symphony Orchestra. His championship of the 20th-century composer remained undiminished, and perhaps his most celebrated premiere with the American Symphony Orchestra was of Charles New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping 's 4th Symphony inwhich CBS also recorded.
He continued to conduct in public Habis Gelap Terbitlah Terang - Satellite (19) - Spoil Of Mass Raw Sound - Discography 1999-2011 a few more years, but failing health forced him to only make recordings.
An eyewitness said that Stokowski often conducted sitting down in his later years; sometimes, as he became involved in the Leopold Stokowski, he would stand up and conduct with remarkable energy. His New Philharmonia Orchestra - Swan Lake And Sleeping last public appearance took place during the Vence Music Festival in the South of France, when, on 22 Julyhe conducted the Rouen Chamber Orchestra in several of his Bach transcriptions.
Stokowski gave his last world premiere in when, at the age of 91, he conducted Havergal Brian 's 28th Symphony in a BBC radio broadcast with the New Philharmonia Orchestra. Edward Greenfield of The Guardian wrote: "Stokowski rallied them as though it was a vintage Philadelphia concert of the s".
Stokowski continued to make recordings even after he had retired from the concert platform, mainly with the National Philharmonic, another 'ad hoc' orchestra made up of first-desk players chosen from the main London orchestras.
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