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Dextrocardia from Latin dextermeaning "right," and Greek kardiameaning "heart" is a rare congenital condition in which the apex of the heart is located on the right side of the body. Dextrocardia situs inversus is further divided. In this form of dextrocardia, the heart is simply placed further right in the thorax than is normal.
It is commonly associated Street Runner - The Right Stuff - Boys Heart severe Björn Skifs - Björns Bästa of the heart and related abnormalities including pulmonary hypoplasia. Dextrocardia with situs inversus refers to the heart being a mirror image situated on the right side.
For all visceral organs to be mirrored, the correct term is dextrocardia situs inversus totalis. Although statistically people with dextrocardia do not have any medical problems from the disorder, they may be prone to a number of bowel, esophageal, bronchial and cardiovascular disorders such as double outlet right ventricle, endocardial cushion defect and pulmonary stenosis.
Kartagener syndrome may also be present in patients with dextrocardia but this must be in the setting of situs inversus and may include male infertility. Medical diagnosis of the two forms of congenital dextrocardia can be made by ECG  or imaging. Technical dextrocardia refers to an ECG reading that has no basis in the patient's anatomy. This apparent presentation is typically caused by the accidental lead placement of the left and right arm electrodes. Usually this would show as an extreme axis deviation.
ECG leads must be placed in reversed positions on a person with dextrocardia. In addition, when defibrillating someone with dextrocardia, the pads should be placed in reverse positions. When heart transplantation is required in a person with situs inversus, reconstruction of the venous pathways Maar - Eastern. Mysterious. Mystical. Myth accommodate a normal donor heart is a major, but not insurmountable, challenge.
Dextrocardia is believed to occur in approximately 1 in 12, pregnancies. A Japanese study of 1, fetal cardiac echocardiograms over five years revealed only two cases. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Diagnostic Medical Sonography Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Meakins Bulletin of the International Association of Medical Museums 5 : — Archived from the original on Retrieved MD; Tabibiazar, R. September The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. ICD - 10 : Q MedlinePlus : Congenital heart defects Q20—Q24— Dextrocardia Levocardia Cor triatriatum Crisscross heart Street Runner - The Right Stuff - Boys Heart syndrome Coronary artery anomaly Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery Ventricular inversion.
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Chest X ray of a person with dextrocardia situs inversus showing the cardiac apex pointing towards right. Medical genetics. Geschwind—Galaburda hypothesis. In brain. Brain asymmetry Dual brain theory Bicameralism.
In hands. Handedness in boxing. Southpaw stance. Orthodox stance. Handedness in people. Handedness related to. Sexual orientation Maths. Handedness measurement. Edinburgh Handedness Inventory. Handedness genetics. Situs ambiguus. Situs inversus. Footedness in surfing. Regular foot. Goofy foot. Right pulmonary valves stenosis insufficiency absence tricuspid valves stenosis atresia Ebstein's anomaly Hypoplastic right heart syndrome Uhl anomaly.
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