Label: SWP Records - SWP 032 • Series: Historical Recordings By Hugh Tracey - HT 021 • Format: CD Compilation • Country: South Africa • Genre: Jazz, Folk, World, & Country • Style: African
Skokiaan Chikokiyana in Shona  refers to an illegal self-made alcoholic beverage typically brewed over one day that may Untitled - Spunk - Blue ingredients such as maize meal, water and yeast, to speed up the fermentation process. Within a year of its release in South Africa, at least 19 cover versions of "Skokiaan" appeared. All versions combined propelled the tune to No. Its popularity extended outside of music, with several urban areas in the United States taking its name.
The Wiggles also covered this song on their Furry Tales album. The music itself illustrates the mutual influences between Africa and the wider world. The main melodic strain A begins with a long held trill The A strain is contrasted with sections of riffing that follow the harmonic progression fairly closely The melody throughout "is carried by the sax".
Skokiaan's significance is that it shows how Africa influenced American jazz in particular and popular music in general. Musarurwa's and recordings illustrate how unique the indigenous forms of jazz were that emerged in Africa in response to global music trends.
While Tequila Sunrise - Eagles - Desperado jazz was influenced from abroad, it also contributed to global trends. A merengue version was recorded in the Dominican Republic by Antonio Morel y su Orquesta in the s, with saxophone alto arrangement by Felix del Rosario. The sheet music was eventually released in 17 European and African languages. Hodges's version is notable not only because he recorded the tune with Erroll Garner but because his band at the time included John Coltrane in a minor role.
Although the copy was cracked, Randle was so impressed by what he heard that he asked Walt McQuire of London's New York office to send him a new Various - Bulawayo Jazz . After Randle played the record four times, interest soared.
London Records shipped 6, copies to New York from Britain, followed in September by a further 20, The band's original name was changed, no doubt for easier Western consumption,  perhaps by the record company or by the band itself.
It was the first time an instrumental had been selected for the show. On the Cash Box best-selling record charts, where Various - Bulawayo Jazz hit versions were combined, "Skokiaan" reached No 2 on 16 October Glazer is perhaps better known for Various - Bulawayo Jazz On Top of Spaghetti But its one-size fits all "tropical paradise" idea was typical of exotic treatments at the time for songs from Latin America, Asia, and Hawaii.
Part 1 the A side is a purely instrumental version, while Part 2 side B has Armstrong singing the lyrics. Whether the two musicians jammed together,  or whether Armstrong just gave Musarurwa a jacket,  is unclear. In any case, the difference between the date that Armstrong recorded "Skokiaan" and the date of his meeting with Musarurwa appears to invalidate claims that Armstrong recorded "Skokiaan" after he came face to face with the Zimbabwean.
Parka acre 1. The song was played all day long in the parking lot as guests arrived and was sold in the gift shop. The park boasted the largest collection of camels in the United States. After it closed, the site was converted to the Camino Gardens subdivision.
With the exception of reissues of " Rock Around the Clock ", this would be the band's final Fabio Frizzi - LAldila hit in America! It was not the first such treatment of "Skokiaan": Spike Jones and the City Slickers recorded a "Japanese Skokiaan" insung with a Japanese accent with lyrics about going to Tokyo, written by band member Freddie Morgan, a banjo player and vocalist RCA Victor Ringo Starr 's hit "No No Song" was influenced by, and is sometimes listed as a medley with.
But true to its origins, "Skokiaan" remained a favourite among brass instrumentalists. This may have been due to misunderstandings about the difference between what was then Southern Rhodesia and South Africa, two countries in the Southern Africa region. As described in the introduction, "Skokiaan" was composed by a Southern Rhodesian, who was recorded by a South African record company. The lyrics were later added by an American, Tom Glazer.
Misled by Glazer's lyrics, some take "Skokiaan" to mean "Happy happy", leading to "Happy Africa" as an alternative title for the music. The composer. August Musarurwa, was an ex-policeman, and said that the tune was one played in an illegal shebeen when a police raid was imminent. At the time it was illegal for Africans in Zimbabwe to drink anything but the traditional, low-alcohol beer, and certainly not skokiaan, which was usually laced with methylated No More Lonely Nights - Saracen - Heroes, Saints & Fools - illicit distillation was almost unknown in central Africa at the time.
Why the tune was associated with "a Zulu drinking song",   as it was in a Down Beat article,  is unclear. The term skokiaan does occur in both Zulu and Shona and in the Zulu-based lingua franca, Chilolo. These are part of the Bantu language grouping and so share similar roots. An early identification of skokiaan as a Zulu word which circulated in Johannesburg 's slums is found in a scholarly article by Ellen Hellman, dated The scanty fragments of I Will Make U Cry - Nelly Furtado - MP3 life history do not reveal that he spent time in South Africa, either.
However Southern Rhodesian migrant labourers moved back and forth between their home country and the mines of South Africa, located mostly around Johannesburg, making it unlikely, but not impossible, that Musarurwa's tune got influenced by a putative Zulu song.
Such journeys, often by train, led to the emergence of the song Shosholoza. While Shosholoza has become very popular among South Africans, who often sing it to encourage their sports teams, its origins, like that of "Skokiaan", are Southern Rhodesian.
Outside the music world, the name "Skokiaan" has been applied to various artifacts other than songs; the relation between these appellations and Musarurwa's Various - Bulawayo Jazz is unclear:. From Wikipedia, the free Innamorata - Al Di Meola & Leonid Agutin* - Cosmopolitan Live (DVD). Dandemutande CatalogTrack 2.
Retrieved 5 February Iron and alcohol content of traditional beers in rural Rhodesia. The Central African Journal of Medicine 45 6 Granny fined for brewing kachasu.
Chronicle18 March. Africultures1 April. Archived by WebCite. Subject: Forgotten Music. SWP Records. Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 6 Various - Bulawayo Jazz CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown link.
Music and Words. Research in African LiteraturesVol. Cook Recordings Inventory. Jazz Consciousness: Music, Race, and Humanity. Wesleyan University Press, pp. The Garland Handbook of African Music. Routledge, p. Various - Bulawayo Jazz cover.
Definitive Classics Retrieved 10 February Downbeat Magazine8 September. Top Jock. Time Magazine14 February. Time Magazine13 September. African Music on 45 rpm Various - Bulawayo Jazz in the UK, — Retrieved 9 October CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown link no date. Retrieved 6 February Week ending 16 October Retrieved 7 February Time Magazine18 May. Armstrong, Louis. Decca Complete playback of both sides on last. Retrieved 8 February Opens video file directly.
Continuum International Publishing Group, p. Louis Armstrong: Singles. Mahube Sound. Down By Various - Bulawayo Jazz Vineyard. PDf file. Africa USA. Retrieved 19 October Unclaimed Funds. PDF file.
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