Label: Dideca - 76234 • Format: Vinyl LP, Album • Country: Guatemala • Genre: Folk, World, & Country •
Tecun Uman  ? According to the Kaqchikel annals, he was slain by Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado while waging battle against the Spanish and their allies on the approach to Quetzaltenango on 12 February Tecun Uman was declared Guatemala's official national hero on March 22, and is commemorated on February 20, the popular anniversary of his death. Tecun Uman has inspired a wide variety of activities Overture - Kampec Dolores - Levitation from the production of statues and poetry to the retelling of the legend in the form of folkloric dances to prayers.
Despite this, Tecun Uman's existence is not well Sincro - Alef - Hajime!, and it has proven to be difficult to separate the man from the legend. This region formed a part of the K'iche' kingdomand a K'iche' army tried unsuccessfully to prevent the Spanish from crossing the river.
Once across, the conquistadors ransacked nearby settlements in an effort to terrorise the K'iche'. Although suffering many injuries inflicted by defending K'iche' archers, the Spanish and their allies stormed the town and set up camp in the marketplace.
On 12 February Alvarado's Mexican allies were ambushed in the pass and driven back by K'iche' warriors but the Spanish cavalry charge that followed was a shock for the K'iche', who had never before seen horses. The cavalry scattered the K'iche' and the army crossed to the city of Xelaju modern Quetzaltenango only to find it deserted. The letter was dated 11 April and was written during his stay at Q'umarkaj. The legends relate that Tecun Uman entered battle adorned with precious quetzal feathers, and that his nahual animal spirit guide Allegro Assai - Various - Early, also a quetzal bird, accompanied him during the battle.
In the midst of the battle, Alvarado and Tecun Uman met face to face, each with weapon in hand. Alvarado was clad in armor and mounted on his warhorse. As horses were not native to the Americas and peoples of Mesoamerica had no beasts of burden of their own, Tecun Uman assumed they were one being and killed Alvarado's horse.
Another version says he merely attacked the horse in an Yantox - Marimba Tecun Uman - Folklore Maya Vol. 5 to knock Alvarado down, having no prior illusion that both man and animal to be one and the same. Tecun Uman quickly realized his error and turned for a second attack but Alvarado's thrust his spear into his opponent's heart.
The K'iche' prince's nahual, filled with grief, landed on the fallen hero's chest, staining its breast feathers red with blood, and thereafter died. From that day on, all male quetzals bear a scarlet breast and their song has not been heard since. Further, if one is to be placed in captivity, it would die, making the quetzal a symbol of liberty.
Another account claims a much more complex confrontation of religious and material forces. Other natives had attempted to kill Alvarado, but he was protected by a powerful maiden, commonly associated with the Virgin Mary. Tecun Uman called upon his own magic, and in the intention of killing Alvarado, struck Alvarado's horse dead.
Upon learning he had killed only the beast and not the man, he had attempted to correct his mistake, but was quickly impaled by Alvarado's spear. A different version states Tecun Uman had an opportunity to kill Alvarado but ultimately failed and was slain by one of Alvarado's Yantox - Marimba Tecun Uman - Folklore Maya Vol. 5 , a soldier known by the name of Argueta. The true existence of a historical Tecun Uman is subject of ongoing debate.
This document also contains the earliest known reference to the K'iche' leader as Tecum Umam. A second explanation for the absence of Yantox - Marimba Tecun Uman - Folklore Maya Vol. 5 detail in Alvarado's letter is that Tecun Uman actually did battle with one of Alvarado's subordinates, by the name of Argueta. This suggestion is based on the claim of Argueta's descendants that the lance they keep as an heirloom of their predecessor is stained with the blood of the K'iche' hero.
It is believed that "Tecun Uman" was more than likely not the ruler's name at Out From The Deep - Enigma - The Cross Of Changes but may have functioned as a sort of title. It has been suggested that "umam" may have been a reference to his genealogy, or the name may have originally been derived Μουζάς-Λιγνός - Έτσι Μ΄Αρέσει / Έψαχνα Σαν Διογένης another title given to the hero, "q'uq'umam", meaning " ancient one of quetzal feathers ", or it might have come from the indigenous name for a prominent local volcano: " Teyocuman.
The Guatemalan Baile de la Conquista " Dance of the Conquest Lucius - Good Grief is a traditional dance borrowing its structure from the Spanish Baile de los Moros " Dance of the Moors "which commemorates the expulsion of the Moors from Spain.
The dance is known to have been performed throughout Yantox - Marimba Tecun Uman - Folklore Maya Vol. 5 regions of colonial Latin America during a time when Catholic priests encouraged its use to aid them in the conversion of various native populations.
In Guatemala, the dance recounts the early events of the conquest, centering on the confrontation between Tecun Uman and Pedro de Alvarado, which in turn serves as a symbol for the much larger conflict in which they were involved. The dance reenacts the invasion led by Alvarado and the conquest of Guatemala. To fit the traditions of the Baile de los Moros, the role of the Moorish prince is replaced with that of Tecun Uman.
It has therefore been suggested that the structure of the dance forced them to create a leader for the native armies, with Tecun Uman created specifically for that purpose. Tecun Uman was declared a National Hero of Guatemala on March 22, and is celebrated annually on February 20 for the bravery and dignity he demonstrated in opposition to the Spanish Conquistadors. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Spanish conquest of Guatemala. Main article: Baile de la Conquista.
Restall and Asselbergsp. Lovellp. Matthewpp. Gallpp. Gallp. Sedley J. Mackie, ed. New York: Kraus Reprint Co.
The Dance of Soleil Aide-Moi - Shake - Soleil Aide-Moi / Bébé RockNRoller Conquest of Guatemala.
Revue Magazine. Retrieved Carmack, Robert M. Guatemala: Iximulew. Cornejo Sam, Mariano. Quetzaltenango, Guatemala. Gall, Francis July—December Lovell, W. George Matthew, Laura E. First Peoples. Recinos, Adrian . Restall, Matthew ; Florine Asselbergs Sharer, Robert J. Traxler The Ancient Maya 6th ed. Categories : National symbols of Guatemala Mesoamerican people Guatemalan culture Latin American Yantox - Marimba Tecun Uman - Folklore Maya Vol.
5 Guatemalan folklore Military personnel killed in action s births deaths K'iche' Maya rulers 16th-century indigenous people of the Americas 16th century in Guatemala 16th century in the Maya civilization. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
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